Network Cabling

It’s referred to alternatively as “computer cabling”, “network cabling”, “infrastructure cabling” or “low-voltage cabling”.  All these industry buzzwords can make cable an even more tangled issue for customers. To simplify, there are two basic types of cable: copper cabling and fiber optic cabling. Each is appropriate in different scenarios. Copper cabling is most commonly used for telephone systems, digital signage, flat screen TVs, overhead paging, printers, VOIP and other data devices – including your computer network.

Cable comes in a variety of sizes, colors, speeds, grades and composition. This includes category 5e, category 6, fiber optics, glass, shielded cable or armored cable with metal casing, or flat cable that fits unobtrusively beneath carpeting. Each has its preferred applications. Your long-term goal will determine which type of cable is appropriate. It’s difficult to determine which type is best, unless you know what kind of phone system, VOIP or other data devices you will be using. More important than design is the speed of bandwidth needed for your applications – which are determined by your business needs.

“Category 5e” cable allows a certain speed of bandwidth at a specified distance. This is the industry standard and is sufficient for most businesses. However, some industries require more bandwidth and a higher grade of cabling. A graphics design company that regularly works with large image files or a doctor with medical imaging are better served using Cat 6. This increases the cost because the material is more expensive.  Also available is an “augmented Cat 6” with even higher capacity – and consequently a higher price tag.


Cable installation requires a license. This means county inspections, local laws and codes. After installation, cable has to be certified. Each cable is designed with specifications and must be deployed accordingly. Each cable must be tested, end to end, to determine connections and must pass certification for what each is designed to handle. Otherwise, it could take months to find out there are problems – and even longer for an IT technician to isolate the problem – which may be caused by a pinched cable somewhere in the ceiling.

Different types of cable require different installation processes. Some are more detailed labor intensive, requiring more complex termination – which affects the cost. Fiber optic cable installation is a detail-oriented process.Many cabling companies take the short cut – skipping the certification step – and the customer learns the hard way. Certification may sound like a tedious process, but when it’s complete, you as a customer can be 100% confident that your cable is working, reliable and ready to fully support your business operations.

As a customer, this gives you peace of mind. You can be confident in the infrastructure that will operate your entire business. Your IT technology and phone system are 100% designed and implemented successfully.

Some vendors provide only part of the solution – the cabling OR the installation.  National Telesystems provides both infrastructure and installation. When one company handles both, things go much smoother for you!

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National Telesystems, Inc.
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